The embryo transfer is an important part of an IVF cycle
Patients who visit our Indianapolis fertility specialists for in vitro fertilization will undergo an embryo transfer. This IVF transfer consists of the specialist placing one of the patient’s embryos into the uterus or the uterus of a gestational carrier. The goal is for the embryo to implant into the lining of the uterus and develop into a healthy pregnancy.
Choosing an IVF transfer with a fresh or frozen embryo
Our Indianapolis fertility specialists help patients determine whether they want to use a fresh or frozen embryo. There are a variety of factors that go into this decision.
Timing. Patients using a fresh embryo must have the embryo transfer a few days after the egg retrieval. If they decide to have their embryos frozen, the patient can undergo the transfer at any time. However, the patient will need to take medication to prepare the uterine lining before the transfer of a frozen embryo.
Preimplantation genetic testing. When patients want an embryologist to test their embryos for chromosomal abnormalities, they must have a frozen transfer. A fresh transfer doesn’t allow enough time between fertilization and the embryo transfer.
Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, or OHSS. A patient that chooses a fresh transfer has a higher chance of developing ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. This condition can cause swelling and discomfort. A frozen transfer significantly reduces this risk.
Our fertility doctors work closely with patients to help them select the type of IVF transfer that works best for their unique needs.
What happens during an embryo transfer?
An IVF transfer is a quick process that involves a series of simple steps that make pregnancy possible.
Preparing for a frozen transfer. Shortly before a frozen transfer, the embryologist thaws the embryo. In addition, the patient or gestational surrogate, takes medication for two weeks leading up to the transfer to prepare the uterine lining for implantation.
Removal of the cervical mucous. Before transferring the embryo, the doctor places a speculum in the patient’s vagina. He or she then removes the cervical mucous that could impede the embryo’s ability to reach the ideal location in the uterus.
Transferring the embryo. Using an ultrasound for direction, the doctor inserts the embryo into the patient’s uterus. This process usually takes less than 10 minutes.
Hormonal supplements. To support the development of the pregnancy, the patient will take hormonal supplements until they take a pregnancy test a little over a week after the transfer. Some patients will need to continue these supplements longer.
The knowledgeable Indianapolis fertility specialists at our clinic are well-versed in IVF transfers. With their expert support, many patients become parents. Contact us for more information about the process of an IVF transfer.